Emphasis on the Latin alphabet in Kazakhstan’s new language policy

A new state program for the development of language policy in Kazakhstan for the period 2023-2029 was prepared.

In the program presented to the public by the government, it was stated that the number of Kazakhs in the population as the main nation increases every year, so the position of the Kazakh language continues to strengthen.

In the program, it was pointed out that according to the results of the general census conducted in 2021, more than 70 percent of the population consists of Kazakhs and that the country is on the way to becoming a single-nation state, “This demographic situation requires intensive work on expanding the scope of the Kazakh language.” expressions were used.

In particular, it was noted in the program that the strengthening of Kazakh, which has the status of a state language, is seen as a direct contribution to national security.

Kazakh language will be modernized

In this context, it is stated that the regulatory framework of Kazakh will be strengthened until 2029, its prestige will be increased in sectors such as science and education, public service, economy and informatics, and its use in the media and internet will be expanded. It was pointed out that studies will be carried out, the practice of enacting the law in Kazakh language will be started, and civil servants will be required to know Kazakh.

Emphasizing that the Kazakh language will be modernized on the basis of the new Latin alphabet, the following statements were included in the program:

“The transition to the new Kazakh alphabet, developed on the basis of the Latin alphabet, will ensure the formation of spelling rules and norms suitable for the nature of the Kazakh language. This will increase the international popularity of the Kazakh language, make it suitable for modern technologies. At the same time, it will greatly facilitate its integration with Turkic speaking peoples.”

In the program, it was stated that the new Kazakh alphabet, which was developed according to the 31-letter “one sound-one letter” principle, which has already been adapted by linguists to the Latin letters, is being prepared, “The transition to the new alphabet will take place gradually after the approval of the alphabet and spelling rules with regulatory documents.” evaluation was made.

Transition to the Latin alphabet

Kazakhstan, which uses the Cyrillic alphabet like many former Soviet countries, decided to switch to the Latin alphabet in October 2017.

In January 2021, Ahmet Baytursunov Institute of Linguistics introduced the new Kazakh alphabet adapted to the 31-letter Latin letters, prepared according to the principle of “one sound-one letter”.

It was announced that the country will gradually switch to the Latin alphabet in the 2023-2031 period.

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