According to the ministry’s statement, Defense Minister Rajnath Singh met with his Chinese counterpart, Li Shangfu, about “developments and bilateral relations in the India-China border regions”.
Singh told his Chinese counterpart that “the progress of relations between India and China is based on the prevailing peace and tranquility at the borders,” noting that all border issues should be resolved within the scope of existing agreements and commitments.
Singh said the border violations “eroded the very foundation” of bilateral relations.
Li is in New Delhi to attend a meeting of the defense ministers of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
The unclear border line between China and India, surrounded by the Himalayan Mountains, causes sovereignty disputes between countries. The 3,500-kilometer border, which includes streams, lakes, glaciers and snowy peaks, often brings the parties face to face.
Beijing claims 90,000 square kilometers of land in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, which it calls “South Tibet”, while New Delhi argues that 38 thousand square kilometers of land covering the Aksay-Chinese plateau is occupied by China.
The parties have not been able to resolve their sovereignty disputes for many years.
On 15 June 2020, 20 Indian soldiers were killed in the clash between Indian and Chinese soldiers in the Galvan Valley in the Ladakh region to the west of the border. China also announced that 4 of its soldiers were killed in the conflict.
After the conflict, the military units of the two countries became vigilant at the border, India deployed a surface-to-air missile defense system, and China deployed howitzers and tanks.
This tension was exacerbated by the “war” discourses in the public opinion of the countries with the largest armies in the world.
Negotiations were initiated between the military delegations of the two countries in order to reduce the tension on the border. After the talks, it was decided to withdraw the troops in the border region in a coordinated and planned manner.
It was announced that the withdrawal process, where the soldiers of the two countries returned to their lines in all border regions that caused friction, was completed on September 14, 2022.