Amid politicians’ promises that “there are enormous opportunities outside the EU” and that leaving the Union will “make the UK richer and freer”, the public in the UK went to a Brexit referendum on June 23, 2016, but 7 years after the separation, the debate on Brexit is still ongoing. progress.
The people decided to leave with 52 percent against 48 percent.
In the United Kingdom, which is made up of England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland, in the EU referendum held on 23 June 2016, the Brexit decision was taken with 52 percent against 48 percent.
The minority government, led by former prime minister Theresa May, failed to pass the Brexit deal with the EU through parliament.
Brexit, which was supposed to happen on March 29, 2019, was postponed first to October 31, 2019, and then to January 31, 2020.
The Conservative Party, led by Boris Johnson, one of the former prime ministers who had difficulties in passing the Brexit deal, came to power alone in the early general election held on 12 December 2019.
Strengthening his hand against the opponents of Brexit with his victory, Johnson brought the bill to the parliament after the election, and the text was accepted in the first vote.
The parties then started negotiations for relations in every field, especially trade.
Although the EU stated that it would not be possible to reach an agreement on everything in such a short time, the UK announced that it would not extend the transition period, which will expire on 31 December 2020, and that it would leave the EU without an agreement if necessary.
The UK announced its de facto separation from the Union, which it joined 47 years ago, with the end of the transition period that started after Brexit, with the ringing of the Big Ben bell on 31 December 2020 at 23:00 local time. As of this date, new regulations came into force on issues such as trade, travel, immigration, law and security between the two parties.
The British lost their right to indefinite residence and work permits in EU countries. Citizens of EU member states have the right to live in the UK only if they meet the necessary immigration conditions.
The UK officially left the EU on 31 January 2020.
Many believe that politicians let them down
According to research conducted 7 years after the referendum, many people think that politicians have let them down.
Only 18 percent of those who voted to leave the EU in 2016 believe Brexit has been successful, according to a survey by the UK in a Changing Europe think tank and polling company Public First.
Many secessionists, who think Brexit is not going well, accuse politicians of “mishandling Brexit”.
UK’s a Changing Europe Director, Anand Menon, said in his assessment of the survey that while few people think that Brexit is going well, the majority of those who voted to leave believe it is too early to make a definitive judgment.
62% of Britons describe Brexit as “more of a failure”
According to a survey conducted in May by the UK research company YouGov, 62 percent of Britons describe Brexit as “more failure”, while only 9 percent consider it “more success”.
While 20 percent say “not both”, the remaining 9 percent say they are “not sure”.
“When you look back, do you think the UK was right or wrong by voting to leave the EU?” question was posed.
According to the survey, as of this month, 56 percent of the people in the UK think that “leaving the EU is wrong”, while 32 percent think that “this is the right decision”.