The ceasefire declared in the city of Jeddah under the mediation of the USA and Saudi Arabia was violated by the parties on the second day.
Fierce clashes took place in the center of the capital Khartoum, Bahri to the north and Umdurman to the west.
In the statement made by the army, the HDK violated the one-week ceasefire declared as of 22 May by attacking the cities of Al-Juneyna and Zalince on the border with Chad in the west, continuing the siege of the city of Al-Ubayd in the south, and continuing the occupation of the hospitals, the last of which is the Ahmed Kasım Hospital in the capital Khartoum. specified.
In the statement, it was stated that HDK attacked the Vadi Seyyidina military airbase in the north of the capital on Tuesday and raided the mint in the capital.
In the statement made by HDK, it was stated that the army violated the ceasefire at different points by attacking warplanes, artillery fire and land attacks.
In the statement, which claimed that the right of self-defense was used, it was reported that the attack of the army on Gabe Street in the capital Khartoum was repelled and 3 tanks were seized.
In the statement, “Airplanes attacked the positions of our forces in Khartoum in Omdurman, west of the capital, and a Mig-type aircraft was shot down.” expressions were used.
In the images shared on social media, it is seen that the army Mig type fighter plane caught fire after HDK’s anti-aircraft fire in Umdurman, west of the capital, and the two pilots left the plane with parachutes.
In the footage, it is reflected in the cameras that one of the pilots managed to land in the area under the control of the soldier, but the other pilot was injured and passed into the hands of HDK.
The parties announced that they had declared a ceasefire on 20 May, with the mediation of the international community, to be effective as of 21.45 on Monday, 22 May.
Saudi Arabia and the United States had stated that the talks held in Jeddah would continue to resolve the crisis between the army and the NGO, which had clashed in Sudan.
The short-term ceasefire agreement, which aims to “deliver emergency humanitarian aid and provide basic services” to be implemented throughout Sudan, includes the parties’ compliance with the commitments made in the Jeddah Declaration regarding humanitarian obligations.
Clashes between army and HDK in Sudan
While the army demanded that the HDK, which it once supported but regarded as a threat because it behaved like an independent and parallel army, be fully integrated into the army within 2 years, the HDK announced that it could accept this in a period spanning about 10 years after a civilian government. The war of words and the escalating tension turned into an armed conflict between the parties on the morning of April 15, in the capital Khartoum and in various cities.
The HDK was formed as a militia structure to fight against the rebels, protect the borders and maintain order in Darfur during the period of President Omar al-Bashir, who was overthrown in a coup d’etat in 2019. The HDK, which was attached to the Security and Intelligence Organization in 2013 and gradually gained an independent structure, has tens of thousands of members.
Stating that more than one million people were displaced within the country, the United Nations announced that 300,000 people fled to neighboring countries due to conflicts.
Sudan’s Ministry of Health announced that 709 people were killed and 5,424 injured since the beginning of the conflict.