In a statement made by the WMO, it was stated that an “unprecedented increase” in sea surface temperatures was observed in the north of the Atlantic Ocean.
It was stated that sea surface temperatures reached record levels in May, June and July, and the temperature records experienced in recent months will increase with the effect of El Nino weather conditions.
Omar Baddour, Head of WMO Climate Monitoring, said the first week of July could be considered “the hottest week ever recorded”.
Noting that in the north of the Atlantic Ocean, daily temperatures rose significantly compared to normal in June, Baddour said that the sea ice level in Antarctica saw its lowest level last month.
Baddour noted that heavy rains, which will cause loss of life and migration, may also indicate extreme weather and climate events.
Stating that El Nino conditions predict the hottest year to take place after 2023, Baddour said that it is possible to break a record in temperatures in 2024 in line with expectations.
“The melting of sea ice we’ve seen around Antarctica is truly unprecedented,” said Michael Sparrow, Head of WMO’s World Climate Research Program. made its assessment.
Stating that ice melts are generally low in the Antarctic region and that large decreases are normally seen in the glaciers in the North Pole, Sparrow emphasized that they are not used to seeing such a decrease in Antarctica.
Sparrow cautioned that the “heat sea wave” will also affect the distribution of fish and ocean ecosystems, noting that this means “not only the surface temperature of the water, but the entire ocean warms up and absorbs energy that will be stored there for hundreds of years.”
Stating that higher temperatures were reached in the year of El Niño weather conditions, as the heat moved from the oceans to the atmosphere, Sparrow said, “Actually, we are at the beginning of this process. El Nino did not have as big an impact as it would later in the year. “We’re seeing these high temperatures in the North Atlantic, though.” used the phrases.
Antarctic sea ice reached its lowest level, 17 percent behind average, breaking the previous June record by a significant margin.
El Nino effect
In the statement made by the WMO, it was announced that on July 4, El Nino conditions had begun.
In the statement, which was reported that El Nino will accelerate the global temperature increase, it was stated that weather conditions in different parts of the world will be affected, and early warning systems are critical for life safety.
The temperature record was broken 3 times in a row.
While the average temperatures in the world broke records 3 times in a row in the same week, July 6, with the global average temperature of 17.23 degrees, was recorded as the “hottest day on record”.
With the global average temperature reaching 17.23 degrees, July 6 was recorded as the “hottest day on record”, while the average temperature exceeded the highest average of 17.18 degrees measured on July 4 and 5.
According to the averaged data pool, it was recorded that the average weekly air temperature in Antarctica was 4.5 degrees above normal.
Previously, the highest average temperature was measured as 16.9 degrees in 2016.