In the Special Urgent Ukraine Session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNSC), which lasted for two days at the United Nations (UN) and attended by many speakers, the resolution was adopted with 141 votes against 32 “abstained” and 7 “no” votes in the 193-member assembly.
Russia, Belarus, Mali, Syria, Nicaragua, Eritrea, North Korea voted “no” while Cuba, Algeria, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bolivia, China, India, Pakistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Sudan, Uganda and Vietnam abstained. included among the countries.
The resolution taken at the UN General Assembly is not binding.
call for a just peace
In the decision, in which more than 50 countries, including Turkey, are co-hosts, it was emphasized that in accordance with the UN charter, all members should refrain from resorting to the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of another state.
In the resolution, which stated that the threat of use of force or the lands acquired by force would not be legally recognized, it was noted that a lasting and just peace would contribute to international peace and security.
The resolution condemned the terrible destruction caused by Russia’s attack on Ukraine on a humanitarian scale, and drew attention to the negative effects of the war on global food security, energy, nuclear and environmental security.
In the resolution, which called on all member states and international organizations to increase their diplomatic efforts towards achieving a “comprehensive, just and sustainable” peace in Ukraine, the commitment to sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity by extending to territorial waters in accordance with the internationally recognized borders of Ukraine was affirmed. .
“The conflict must end”
“We reiterate our call for the Russian Federation to withdraw its military forces from all Ukrainian territories unconditionally, unconditionally and urgently and to end the conflict,” the resolution said.
In the decision, which demanded that the parties to the conflict fulfill all their obligations in accordance with international humanitarian law, it was emphasized that the security of civil society and the unhindered transportation of humanitarian aid should be ensured.
In the decision, it was underlined that acts that are considered crimes under international law should be determined and punished through independent investigations.
UN General Assembly resolutions
Due to Russia’s permanent membership in the UN Security Council, it became difficult for member states to take decisions there. For this reason, UN members brought decisions about Russia to the UN General Assembly, although they are not binding.
On March 2, 2022, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution condemning Russia’s aggression with 141 ‘yes’ votes. Also on March 24, the General Assembly approved a resolution condemning Russia for causing a “terrible humanitarian situation” and on “protecting civilians and providing humanitarian aid in Ukraine” with 140 ‘yes’ votes.
The General Assembly decided to remove Russia from the UN Human Rights Council on April 7, 2022.
While the UN General Assembly decided not to recognize the four regions captured by Russia on October 12, 2022 by a majority of votes, on November 14, 2022, it adopted the resolution calling for Russia to pay war reparations to Ukraine.